Quantitative Evolution of the Wild Animals Populations for Hunting from 16-Sarlota

Dorel Dronca, Ioan Pet, Lavinia Stef, Gabi Dumitrescu, Liliana Ciochina Petculescu, Silvia Patruica, Mihaela Ivancia, Adela Marcu, Marioara Nicula, Ion Caraba, Sorin Voia, Silvia Erina, Mirela Ahmadi

Abstract


The integration of Romaniainto the European Union requires special attention to the hunting populations. The observed size of an animal population, as opposed to the genetic size, is given by the number of individuals in all categories, as well as by the total number of males and females participating in the production of the descendant generation. The purpose of the present paper was to study the evolution of the observed sizes of the hunting population for 13 species of animals in the period 2016-2020, on hunting area 16-Sarlota, from TimisCounty, with a total area of 6.149 ha. The present study highlighted that on this hunting area, Cervidae family – which includes ruminants with deciduous horns, is represented by 3 species, namely Red Deer (Cervus elaphus L), Fallow Deer (Dama dama L), and Roe Deer (Capreolus carpeolus L). Our paper concludes that the decrease of the populations of Red Deer (Cervus elaphus L) species, Fallow Deer (Dama dama L) species, Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus L) species, Wild hog (Sus scrofa L.) species, The European hare (Lepus europaeus P) species, and Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus L.) species, in the studied period of 2018-2019, is due to the increase of the observed size with 200% on this hunting area of Jackal (Caniș aureus L.) species, and also due to the significant presence of  the Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes L) species. We recommend the permanent monitoring and limitation of populations from the Canidae family, especially of the Jackal (Caniș aureus L.) species. For the other identified species, the population of evolutionary numbers showed that there is a good correlation between the number of individuals and their biogenic capacity. The present study recommends the revival of the existing population on this hunting area, through “blood refreshing” actions.


Keywords


observed size, hunting population, hunting area, game animals, cynegetic

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References


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LUCRARI STIINTIFICE ZOOTEHNIE SI BIOTEHNOLOGII (SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGIES)

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ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PUBLISHER: AGROPRINT Timisoara, Romania
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