Modelling aquifer pollution near livestock farms using advanced hydroinformatic tools

Erika Beilicci, Camelia Stefanescu, Robert Beilicci

Abstract


Animal husbandry is one of the main causes of water pollution. Therefore, one of the important problems to be solved in the design, execution and operation of livestock farms is the achievement of a reliable system of collection, treatment and evacuation/storage of wastewater and animal manure resulting from the process of animal husbandry, so that pollutants do not infiltrate in groundwater. However, accidents can occur in the operation of these systems, and wastewater and animal manure can seep into groundwater, determining their pollution. This paper aims to present a way to model the propagation of pollutants in groundwater in the vicinity of livestock farms, using the PMWIN software, an advanced hydroinformatic tool. On the basis of the results obtained from the modelling, the competent authorities can determine the extent of the pollution and the necessary measures to be taken to reduce the negative effects on groundwater quality.


Keywords


livestock farms, wastewater, animal manure, groundwater, pollution, modelling.

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References


. European Commission, Protecţia apelor subterane în Europa. Noua Directivă a apelor subterane – consolidarea cadrului legislativ al Uniunii Europene, 2009

Wikipedia, 2021. Home page address:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydroinformatics#

Chiang, W.H., 3D-Groundwater Modeling with PMWIN A Simulation System for Modeling Groundwater Flow and Transport Processes, second edition, Springer, The Netherlands, 2005, pp.1-7

Civil Engineering Software Database, 2021. Home page address: https://www.cesdb.com/pmwin.html

Simcore Software, 2021, Home page address: https://www.simcore.com/files/pm/v11/tutorial1.pdf?a=2020120601


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LUCRARI STIINTIFICE ZOOTEHNIE SI BIOTEHNOLOGII (SCIENTIFIC PAPERS ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGIES)

ISSN print 1841 - 9364
ISSN online 2344 - 4576
ISSN-L  1841 - 9364
(former ISSN 1221-5287, E-ISSN 1841-9364)

PUBLISHER: AGROPRINT Timisoara, Romania
PAPER ACCESS: Full text articles available for free
FREQUENCY: Semiannual
PUBLICATION LANGUAGE: English
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Banat´s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara
Bioengineering Faculty of Animal Resources
300645, Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, Romania

E-mail: spasb [at] animalsci-tm.ro
Phone: +40-256-277160, Fax.: +40-256-277110